Validation of the J-Chronic Total Occlusion Score for Chronic Total Occlusion Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in an Independent Contemporary Cohort
Background—Chronic total occlusion (CTO) recanalization is a complex and technically challenging procedure. The J-CTO score has been proposed to stratify case complexity and procedural success rates. However, the score has never been tested outside the setting of the original study. Moreover, its predictive value when using a hybrid antegrade or retrograde approach is unknown. We investigated the performance of the J-CTO score for predicting procedure complexity and success in an independent contemporary cohort.
Methods and Results—A total of 209 consecutive patients who underwent CTO recanalization by a high-volume operator were included. Clinical and angiographic data were prospectively collected. The J-CTO score was applied for each patient, and discrimination and calibration were evaluated in the whole cohort, and according to the approach (antegrade 47% and retrograde 53%). Clinical and angiographic differences were noted between the original and studied cohort. The mean J-CTO score was 2.18±1.26, and successful guidewire crossing within 30 minutes and final angiographic success were 44.5% and 90.4%, respectively. The J-CTO score demonstrated good discrimination (c statistic, >0.70) and calibration (Hosmer–Lemeshow P>0.1) in the whole cohort and for antegrade and retrograde approaches. However, the final success rate was not associated with the J-CTO score.
Conclusions—In this independent cohort, the J-CTO score showed good discriminatory and calibration capacity for guidewire CTO crossing within 30 minutes but it does not for final success rate. The J-CTO score helps to predict complexity of CTO recanalization, and the simplicity of the score supports the widespread use as a clinical tool.
- Received April 20, 2013.
- Accepted October 10, 2013.
- © 2013 American Heart Association, Inc.