Head-to-Head Comparison of a Drug-Free Early Programmed Dismantling Polylactic Acid Bioresorbable Scaffold and a Metallic Stent in the Porcine Coronary Artery
Six-Month Angiography and Optical Coherence Tomographic Follow-Up Study
Background—We aimed to evaluate a new drug-free fully bioresorbable lactic acid–based scaffold designed to allow early dismantling synchronized with artery wall healing in comparison with a bare metal stent (BMS).
Methods and Results—Twenty-three BMS (3.0×12 mm) and 36 lactic acid–based bioresorbable scaffolds (BRS, 3.0×11 mm) were implanted in porcine coronary arteries. QCA and optical coherence tomographic analyses were performed immediately after implantation and repeated after 1, 3, and 6 months. Microcomputed tomography was used to detect scaffold dismantling. Polymer degradation was evaluated throughout the study. The primary end-point was late lumen loss, and the secondary end-points were scaffold/stent diameter and acute recoil. Acute recoil was low and comparable between the BRS and the BMS groups (4.6±6.7 versus 4.6±5.1%; P=0.98). BRS outer diameter increased significantly from 1 to 6 months indicating late positive scaffold remodeling (P<0.0001), whereas BMS diameter remained constant (P=0.159). Late lumen loss decreased significantly from 1 to 6 months in the BRS group (P=0.003) without significant difference between BRS and BMS groups at 6 months (P=0.68). Microcomputed tomography identified BRS dismantling starting at 3 months, and weight-average molar masses of scaffold parts were 20% and 14% of their initial values at 3 and 6 months.
Conclusions—BRS and BMS have similar 6-month outcomes in porcine coronary arteries. Interestingly, BRS dismantling was detected from 3 months and resulted in late lumen enlargement by increased scaffold diameter at 6 months.
- Received February 27, 2013.
- Accepted November 21, 2013.
- © 2013 American Heart Association, Inc.