Incidences, Predictors, and Clinical Outcomes of Acute and Late Stent Malapposition Detected by Optical Coherence Tomography After Drug-Eluting Stent Implantation
Background—We investigated the incidences, predictors, and clinical outcomes of acute and late stent malapposition detected by optical coherence tomography (OCT) after drug-eluting stent implantation.
Methods and Results—We analyzed the OCT images from 351 patients with 356 lesions who received poststent and follow-up OCT examinations. Acute stent malapposition was observed in 62% of lesions. Approximately half of the acute stent malappositions were located within the edges of the stents. Severe diameter stenosis, calcified lesions, and long stents were independent predictors of acute stent malapposition. Follow-up OCT examinations were performed 175±60 days after drug-eluting stent implantation. Thirty-one percent of lesions with acute stent malapposition remained malapposed (late-persistent stent malapposition) and were typically (72%) located within the edges of the stent. The location within the stent edges and the volume of acute stent malapposition were independent predictors of late-persistent stent malapposition. Acute stent malapposition with a volume >2.56 mm3 differentiated late-persistent stent malapposition from resolved acute stent malapposition. Late-acquired stent malapposition was detected in 15% of all lesions and was usually (61%) located within the stent body. Late-acquired stent malapposition was more frequently associated with plaque/thrombus prolapse on poststent OCT images (70% versus 42%; P<0.001). Clinical events, including cardiovascular death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and stent thrombosis, did not occur in patients with late stent malapposition during the follow-up period of 28.6±10.3 months after drug-eluting stent implantation.
Conclusions—Acute, late-persistent, and late-acquired stent malapposition had relatively high incidences but different predictors. The clinical outcome of stent malapposition was favorable.
- Received August 20, 2013.
- Accepted December 15, 2013.
- © 2014 American Heart Association, Inc.